Evaluation of Platelet Count and Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) and their importance in Type2 Diabetes Mellitus patients
Among the 100 Type 2 diabetic patients, 60 were males and 40 were females indicating that Type 2 diabetes occur predominantly in males than that of the females. The mean age of the Type 2 diabetic population was 55.07 years whereas the mean age of the non-diabetic population was 51.19 years. The mean FBS of Type 2 diabetic patients were 200.38mg/dl and that of the non diabetics was 98.81mg/dl. Results of the study showed that group1 (normoglycemics) patients had a mean age of 46 yrs. The Male : Female ratio is 1.07:1. The mean platelet count is determined as 2.5x109 and MPV was found to be 8.05. Group 2 Type 2 prediabetic patients had a mean age of 56 yrs and the Male : Female ratio is 1.2:1. Then the mean platelet count is determined as 2.5x109 and MPV was found to be 8.85. Group 3 diabetic patients had a mean age of 55 yrs and the Male: Female ratio is 1.5:1. The mean platelet count is determined as 2.9 x109 and MPV was found to be 9.2. MPV showed an increasing trend from group1 (8.055), followed by group (2 8.855) and then group 3 (9.199) similar to that of platelet count (2.476,2.540, 2.917 in respective 1, 2, and 3 groups). This study revealed that both the mean platelet count and platelet volume were relatively higher in Type 2 diabetics than in non-diabetes.indicating that both the parameters can be used to predict vasculopathy in Type 2 Diabetes mellitus.